Elia Kazan is proof that Hollywood knows how to hold a grudge. At the 71st Annual Academy Awards in 1999, Martin Scorsese and Robert De Niro presented Kazan with an honorary lifetime achievement award. Distinguished actors Kathy Bates, Meryl Streep, and Warren Beatty met Kazan with a standing ovation and enthusiastic applause, while others, such as Mare Winningham, Ed Harris and Nick Nolte, sat stone-faced and disapproving. Why?
Although he directed some of cinema’s greatest films (A Streetcar Named Desire, East of Eden, On the Waterfront), Kazan is also remembered for his testimony to the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), where he named names belonging to film industry professionals with suspected affiliation or loyalty to the communist party.