The 1951 movie A Christmas Carol is considered by many to be the definitive version of Charles Dickens' book about Ebenezer Scrooge, a miser who makes life difficult for everyone around him, even at Christmas. Starring Alistair Sim as Scrooge, the movie sometimes shows up with the title Scrooge, as it was called for its U.K. release. Since the release of the novella in 1843 by Dickens, "Scrooge" has become a synonym for a miserly person, or for someone who doesn't appreciate Christmas. In the movie, Scrooge is visited on Christmas Eve by the ghost of his late business partner, Jacob Marley, who was as selfish as Scrooge and is now condemned to an eternity of wandering the Earth in shackles. Marley tells Scrooge he'll be visited by three more spirits, who will show him his past, present and future Christmases. Each ghost takes Scrooge on a tour of his life and he realizes he was transformed from an idealistic young man into a bitter wretch, because of his greed. He sees what will happen to his prized possessions after his death and comes to realize that being rich is not more important than being kind.